Education is an important factor in the development of a country. It helps in the development of the socio-economic progress of the country, without education a country can’t achieve sustainable economic development.
Other than this it also raises an individual’s creativity and productivity thus contribute to personality development which enables them for making the right decision at the time of conflict.
Education increases life expectancy and determines the prospects of future generations.
There are three levels of education mainly primary, secondary, and tertiary or higher education which includes teaching, research, social services, and other activities of universities, etc.
In this article, we discuss the comparison of the higher education system in USA with India although both the education system has contributed great personalities including scientists, journalists, doctors, engineers, and other professionals.
The Higher Education System in the USA
American higher education system is also referred to as post-secondary education is most advanced and flexible in the world with over 4000 colleges and universities.
It functions as an institute of knowledge and recognized worldwide for its academic excellence and enhanced the learning process.
Levels of Higher Education
- First level /undergraduate:
It will be a duration of four years and students are provided with foundation courses on literature, science, arts, history, etc.
before entering to the core subject. In addition to that, they can also they can change their major multiple times which is unique characteristics of the education system.
- Second level / Master degree:
This degree is actually mandatory for higher-level positions in library science, engineering, health, and education. It will take up to one or two years for completion sometimes it may vary depending upon the course.
The majority of a master’s program is pursued in classroom study and a graduate student must prepare a long research paper called a “master’s thesis” or complete a “master’s project” during the course.
To get admission for master’s degree students to need to take the GRE (graduate record examination) and some other master’s programs need specific tests, such as the LSAT for law school, the GRE or GMAT for business school, and the MCAT for medical school.
- Third level/ Doctorate degree:
It is a three-year degree program on any specialized course and on the other hand for international students, it may be last for five to six years.
In the first two years of the program, most of the students enroll in classes and seminars. Another year is spent on conducting first-hand research and writing a thesis.
This paper must contain views, designs, or research that have not been previously published. And the students must learn any other two foreign languages other than English.
Types of academies for higher education in the USA
There are four types of academies in US higher education they are:
- State college / university:
It is undertaken by the state or local government.
- Private college or university:
These are managed by the private and authorized under the government. It also includes religious-affiliated universities and colleges.
- Community college:
It is two year’s college provide with associate degrees and certifications only. There will be two primary degree tracks one for academic transfer and the other prepares students to enter the workforce directly.
- Institute of technology:
An institute of technology provides four years of the study program in science and technology.
The higher education system in India
Indian higher education is the third-largest in the world after the USA and China.
UGC (University Grants Commission) a government body at central level control and coordinate the higher education in India and indirectly regulated by the Ministry of Human Resource Development , India has over 1000 universities, with a break up of 50 central universities, 402 state universities, 125 deemed universities, 334 private universities, 7 Institute under State Legislature Act, and 155 Institutes of National Importance such as IIMs, AIIMS, IITs, IIITs, IISERs and NITs and others.
In addition to this other institutions include 52,627 colleges as government degree colleges, private colleges, standalone institutes, and post-graduate research institutions.
Levels of higher education in India
Like American higher education system India also have the same structure as:
- First level /undergraduate degree:
It is a program of three to four year and unlike the USA education system students may or may not be provided with foundation subjects depending upon the college but they won’t be getting advantage of can change their major multiple times.
- Second level / Post-graduation:
Post-graduation course with a duration of 2 yrs. Post-graduation can only be done after graduation there are many entrance exams for post-graduation in most reputed universities or college.
- Third level/ Doctorate degree:
It is a five-six year degree in most of the universities sometimes it may vary depending upon the course, for pursuing a doctorate student should qualifying post-graduation is mandatory.
Some universities/colleges consider undergraduate degrees in professional areas such as engineering, medicine, or law as qualifications for pursuing doctorate level degrees.
Entrance exams are also held at the national level for this degree.
Types of Academies for Higher Education in India
The below given are the types of academies for higher education in India:
- Conventional University
They are tertiary-level institutions, they are funded by governments. These are commonly referred to as Central Universities.
- Deemed Universities
Deemed University is an academy work of high quality in specialized academic fields.
- Institutions of National Importance
These are institutions that undertake teaching and research in areas that are important for national development.
The majority of undergraduate teaching is done in colleges. They are of two types –
- Constituent colleges
They are also known as Conducted Colleges established and managed by the University
- Affiliated colleges
These are established either by the government or other private trust and managed by the university.
Similarities between Indian and American Higher Education
Both the USA and India have a well-structured education system.
Both countries invest more money in the Education field. Faculties are qualified and paid in both countries.
Both countries have a private and public education system and offer a variety of courses.
Difference Between Indian and American higher education system
There is much difference observed in the education system of both some of them are:
- The Indian education system gives more importance to a theory where the USA, gives importance to more practical education.
- The academic study in India is very formal on another hand in the United States of America it is a continuous learning process.
- In India, the education system finds fewer upgrades as compared to the USA where there are constant advancements.